Yadin, Yigael

(formerly Sukenik)
(1917-84)
   Israeli soldier, scholar, and statesman. He was the son of the noted archaeologist Eliezer Lipa Sukenik. Born in Jerusalem, he joined the Hagana at age 15. He left the Hagana in 1945 to pursue his education at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem but returned to active duty at the time of preparations for Israel's independence. He became chief of the general staff branch of Hagana headquarters in 1947 and chief of operations of the Israel Defense Forces (IDF) general staff in 1948, a post he held during the War of Independence (1948—49). In 1949, he became chief of staff of the IDF at age 32 and began to develop the foundations for the reorganization of the IDF into a regular army. He served as head of one of Israel's negotiating teams in the armistice negotiations at Rhodes.
   Yadin resigned his military post in December 1952 in protest over cuts in the military budget and to resume his research as an archaeologist. He received his Ph.D. in archaeology from the Hebrew University and later became professor of archaeology at that institution. From 1955 to 1958, he directed the excavations at Hazor, and in 1960-61, he led explorations of the Judean Desert caves where the Bar Kochba documents were discovered. From 1963 to 1965, he directed the Masada expedition. He was awarded the Israel Prize in Jewish studies in 1956 and the Rothschild Science Prize in 1964. He was the author of numerous publications in the field of archaeology.
   After the Yom Kippur War (1973), he served as one of the members of the Agranat Commission appointed to look into Israel's state of readiness at the time of the outbreak of the war. In 1976, he decided to reenter public life and seek the position of prime minister, arguing that Israel urgently needed political and economic reforms. He seemed to appeal to the Israeli public as a trusted and untainted but fresh political face. That year, he helped to form a new political partyDemocratic Movement for Change. The party won an impressive 15 seats in the 1977 election to the nineth Knesset and joined the coalition government led by Likud and Menachem Begin, with Yadin serving as deputy prime minister until 1981.

Historical Dictionary of Israel. .

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  • Yadin, Yigael — (1917–84)    Israel soldier and archaeologist. Like so many others of his generation, Yadin had two careers: one military and one civilian. In both he reached the top.    He was born in Jerusalem where his father, Eliezer SUKENIK, was professor… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Yadin, Yigael — ▪ Israeli general and archaeologist original name Yigael Sukenik born March 21, 1917, Jerusalem died June 28, 1984, adera, Israel       Israeli archaeologist and military leader noted for his work on the Dead Sea Scrolls.       Yadin, the son of …   Universalium

  • Yadin, Yigael — (1917 84)    Israeli archaeologist and soldier. He was born in Jerusalem. He became a member of the Haganah and served in various official positions: he was chief of operations during the Israeli War of Independence, and chief of staff of the… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Yigael Yadin — Yigaël Yadin Yigaël Yadin, entre 1949 et 1952. Yigaël Yadin (20 mars 1917 28 juin 1984) est un archéologue, politicien et militaire israélien. Il fut chef d Etat Major adjoint de Yaakov Dori au sein de Tsahal pendant la Guerre de Palestine de… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yigael Yadin — Yigal Sukenik (hebreo: יגאל סוקניק) Teniente General, Comandante en Jefe Años de servicio 1932– …   Wikipedia Español

  • Yigael Yadin — Jigael Jadin, aufgenommen zwischen 1949 und 1952 Jigael Jadin (hebräisch ‏יגאל ידין‎; * 20. März 1917 in Jerusalem; † 28. Juni 1984 in Hadera) war ein israelischer Archäologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • YADIN (Sukenik), YIGAEL — (1917–1984), Israeli archaeologist; second chief of staff, and politician, member of the Ninth Knesset. Born in Jerusalem, Yadin was the son of the archaeologist Eliezer lipa sukenik . He went to the Hebrew Gymnasium in Jerusalem, and at the age… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Yigaël Yadin — Yigaël Yadin, entre 1949 et 1952. Yigaël Yadin (20 mars 1917 28 juin 1984) est un archéologue, politicien et militaire israélien. Il fut chef d Etat Major adjoint de Yaakov Dori au sein de Tsahal pendant la Guerre de Palestine de 1948 et lui… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Yadin (Name) — Yadin is a Hebrew name, used as both a first and last name, which comes from the root word din (law or judgment). Yadin is the future tense of the verb conjugated in the third person, meaning “(he) will enact justice,” “(he) will make law” or… …   Wikipedia

  • Yadin — is a Hebrew name, used as both a first and last name, which comes from the root word din (law or judgment). Yadin is the future tense of the verb conjugated in the third person, meaning “(he) will enact justice,” “(he) will make law” or “(he)… …   Wikipedia

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